Resources

Abstract The high capacity Stack Sizer screening machine consists of up to five decks positioned one above the other and all operating in parallel. its use together with urethane screen surfaces as fine as 75 microns (200 mesh) has made fine wet screening a practical reality in mineral processing...
02-May-2009
CEEC Technical Review Committee comments: This presentation provides great advice for stakeholders who are trying to get a project off the ground and are keen to implement innovation and new ideas in processing. The “take home” message is to understand your orebody, be committed and embark on the...
23-Feb-2009
The world is rapidly becoming more "green" i.e. energy conscious. Since mining and mineral processing are massive energy users, the mining industry is seeking ways to reduce its energy footprint. In mining and mineral processing operations, energy is often the most expensive cost item. Comminution,...
05-Feb-2009
The copper industry is cyclical with the price determined by market forces (i.e. the balance between supply and demand for the metal.) The period of each cycle typically varies between 6 to 9 years. These cycles drive decision making for exploration, new project and mine development,mine closures, p...
23-Jan-2009
HPGR in series can be used to grind a large proportion of the feed to product size but efficiency reduces after the second pass. .. Smaller-diameter HPGR rolls can increase the breakage of coarse particles in multi-pass circuits. .. Smaller top-size, steeper size distribution .. Coarsest particle...
22-Nov-2008
The energy efficiency of comminution processes is very low based on the energy required to generate new fracture surface area relative to the mechanical (strain) energy input. However, the maximum ideal limiting efficiency ELimit against which actual efficiencies may be compared is unknown. Therefor...
23-Oct-2008
A cone crusher and a vertical shaft impact (VSI) crusher were operated in closed circuit to compare the performance of the two different crushing machines. The crushers were operated in closed circuit with a 9 mm final screen aperture size. A comparison of capacity, size reduction and power draw sho...
23-Sep-2008
•HPGR is seriously challenging SAG •Driven by higher media and energy costs. •Driven by ENERGY ACCOUNTING. •Adopting Emergy might attract a strange mix of economists and energy scientists/engineers. •The science of “emergy”is obscure and arcane, “It’s well-known, but only to a few!”
22-Sep-2008
The successful commissioning of the Cerro Verde project in Peru at the end of 2006 marked the culmination of the efforts of many in the industry over many years to have high pressure grinding roll technology recognized and accepted as a legitimate alternative to the conventional approach to large-sc...
30-May-2008
The resources sector has come to accept that the global quest for sustainable development is one of the key shapers of its future development and business success. While much uncertainty remains regarding the full ramifications of sustainable development, it is uncontested that preventive environmen...
23-Aug-2007
The current status of the modelling of comminution processes is assessed in light of its capabilities and weaknesses. The principles required for a major upgrade in modelling capability are proposed. The use of advanced computational techniques to provide detailed information on the mechanical envir...
23-Aug-2007
CEEC Technical Review Committee comments: Another great paper reminding us that we already have the tools, data and knowledge to start implementing some energy saving strategies not only in grinding, but the all the way through to smelting. A holistic approach is taken and the question asked: Where...
23-Jul-2007
Since October 2003, the BHP Billiton Cannington mill has operated a grinding circuit consisting of an AG mill, pebble crusher and a Vertimill®which in this paper will be referred to as an AVC circuit. What is unique about this circuit is that it utilizes a Vertimill® for secondary grinding rather th...
01-Dec-2006
Oscillatory unstable behaviour in a SAG mill is characterised by the mill constantly cycling between an overload condition and recovery from that condition by a substantial reduction in feed rate tonnes. Such behaviour is commonplace with SAG mills and gives rise to a significant overall reduction i...
30-Nov-2006
Energy consumption and mineral recovery are among the most important factors affecting the mineral processing economy. There are a number of emerging new technologies which have proven to be more energy efficient for comminution, such as High Pressure Grinding Rolls (HPGR) and stirred milling techno...
23-Sep-2006
In achieving the necessary liberation for separation of valuable minerals from ores, metallurgists have traditionally selected from the competing options for size reduction devices by making decisions based on various types of costs. While these costs remain important in selection of devices, consid...
23-Aug-2006
A finite difference quasi-static thermo-mechanical 2-D model of a theoretical 2-phase mineral is constructed. The aim is to simulate the thermal stresses generated and subsequent thermal damage when a rock particle is exposed to high electric field strength microwave energy. The influences of power...
23-Dec-2005
Significant improvements in design and wear abatement technology combined with escalating energy and steel media costs are making High Pressure Grinding Rolls (HPGR) increasingly attractive for applicable “hard rock” ore applications relative to SAG-Ball milling. In addition, HPGR offers significant...
30-Aug-2005
On behalf of the Mining Industry’s Task Force of the Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC), the Mining Association of Canada (MAC) retained the Competitive Analysis Centre Inc. to work with mining companies to establish energy benchmarks for underground bulk mining. Companies par...
04-Feb-2005
Metallurgical Plant Design and Operating Strategies 2004 Oceana Gold (New Zealand) Limited operates the Macraes Gold Mine near Dunedin on the South Island of New Zealand. The ore body is mineralogically complex and comparatively low grade requiring a series of unit processes and resulting in a re...
22-Oct-2004
Public demand for the “Sustainable Development” and CO2 reduction will increase the pressure for more energy efficient comminution. To assess the avenues for reduction of energy required for comminution with already available technologies, modeling and simulations were undertaken using data from a n...
23-Sep-2002
This paper examines the design of comminution circuits and the issues that impact on comminution circuit efficiency.Circuit efficiency is discussed, principally from the perspective of power efficiency. However, operating efficiency, maintenance efficiency, capital expenditure and return on investme...
23-Sep-2002
The paper examines the current state of equipment and circuit design, with reference to Australian practice. Following a review of the changes in milling applications over the last fifteen years, developments in mill design are examined. Current issues include trunnion versus shell support; drive ty...
28-Jan-2002
This paper provides some basic guidelines for comminution circuit selection from a range of alternatives. Factors itemised in the decision making matrix include: Project type and size Ore characteristics and properties Circuit cost considerations Test work costs and impact on project schedule S...
23-Nov-1999
This paper presents observations made during the conduct and analysis of eleven separate autogenous and semi-autogenous pilot plant trials. These trials were conducted using different ores for various projects over the past five years. The ores tested include relatively competent porphyry, diorite,...
23-Nov-1998
Comminution 1998 This paper presents observations made during the conduct and analysis of eleven separate autogenous and semi-autogenous pilot plant trials. These trials were conducted using different ores for various projects over the past five years. The ores tested include relatively competent...
22-Nov-1998
The Julius Kruttschnitt Minerals Research Centre (JKMRC) has been involved in the study and modelling of industrial autogenous (ag) and semi-autogenous (sag) mills for over 20 years. Recent research at the JKMRC has developed a new ag/sag mill model which is based on charge dynamics. The model relat...
28-Nov-1996