Resources

The resources sector has come to accept that the global quest for sustainable development is one of the key shapers of its future development and business success. While much uncertainty remains regarding the full ramifications of sustainable development, it is uncontested that preventive environmen...
23-Aug-2007
The current status of the modelling of comminution processes is assessed in light of its capabilities and weaknesses. The principles required for a major upgrade in modelling capability are proposed. The use of advanced computational techniques to provide detailed information on the mechanical envir...
23-Aug-2007
CEEC Technical Review Committee comments: Another great paper reminding us that we already have the tools, data and knowledge to start implementing some energy saving strategies not only in grinding, but the all the way through to smelting. A holistic approach is taken and the question asked: Where...
23-Jul-2007
Since October 2003, the BHP Billiton Cannington mill has operated a grinding circuit consisting of an AG mill, pebble crusher and a Vertimill®which in this paper will be referred to as an AVC circuit. What is unique about this circuit is that it utilizes a Vertimill® for secondary grinding rather th...
01-Dec-2006
Oscillatory unstable behaviour in a SAG mill is characterised by the mill constantly cycling between an overload condition and recovery from that condition by a substantial reduction in feed rate tonnes. Such behaviour is commonplace with SAG mills and gives rise to a significant overall reduction i...
30-Nov-2006
Energy consumption and mineral recovery are among the most important factors affecting the mineral processing economy. There are a number of emerging new technologies which have proven to be more energy efficient for comminution, such as High Pressure Grinding Rolls (HPGR) and stirred milling techno...
23-Sep-2006
Johnson   Abstract In achieving the necessary liberation for separation of valuable minerals from ores, metallurgists have traditionally selected from the competing options for size reduction devices by making decisions based on various types of costs. While these costs remain important in s...
23-Aug-2006
A finite difference quasi-static thermo-mechanical 2-D model of a theoretical 2-phase mineral is constructed. The aim is to simulate the thermal stresses generated and subsequent thermal damage when a rock particle is exposed to high electric field strength microwave energy. The influences of power...
23-Dec-2005
Significant improvements in design and wear abatement technology combined with escalating energy and steel media costs are making High Pressure Grinding Rolls (HPGR) increasingly attractive for applicable “hard rock” ore applications relative to SAG-Ball milling. In addition, HPGR offers significant...
30-Aug-2005
On behalf of the Mining Industry’s Task Force of the Canadian Industry Program for Energy Conservation (CIPEC), the Mining Association of Canada (MAC) retained the Competitive Analysis Centre Inc. to work with mining companies to establish energy benchmarks for underground bulk mining. Companies par...
04-Feb-2005
Metallurgical Plant Design and Operating Strategies 2004 Oceana Gold (New Zealand) Limited operates the Macraes Gold Mine near Dunedin on the South Island of New Zealand. The ore body is mineralogically complex and comparatively low grade requiring a series of unit processes and resulting in a re...
22-Oct-2004
Public demand for the “Sustainable Development” and CO2 reduction will increase the pressure for more energy efficient comminution. To assess the avenues for reduction of energy required for comminution with already available technologies, modeling and simulations were undertaken using data from a n...
23-Sep-2002
This paper examines the design of comminution circuits and the issues that impact on comminution circuit efficiency.Circuit efficiency is discussed, principally from the perspective of power efficiency. However, operating efficiency, maintenance efficiency, capital expenditure and return on investme...
23-Sep-2002
The paper examines the current state of equipment and circuit design, with reference to Australian practice. Following a review of the changes in milling applications over the last fifteen years, developments in mill design are examined. Current issues include trunnion versus shell support; drive ty...
28-Jan-2002
This paper provides some basic guidelines for comminution circuit selection from a range of alternatives. Factors itemised in the decision making matrix include: Project type and size Ore characteristics and properties Circuit cost considerations Test work costs and impact on project schedule S...
23-Nov-1999
Comminution 1998 This paper presents observations made during the conduct and analysis of eleven separate autogenous and semi-autogenous pilot plant trials. These trials were conducted using different ores for various projects over the past five years. The ores tested include relatively competent...
22-Nov-1998
The Julius Kruttschnitt Minerals Research Centre (JKMRC) has been involved in the study and modelling of industrial autogenous (ag) and semi-autogenous (sag) mills for over 20 years. Recent research at the JKMRC has developed a new ag/sag mill model which is based on charge dynamics. The model relat...
28-Nov-1996